Diagnosis

After a medical evaluation to help rule out other medical conditions, your health care provider may make a referral to a mental health professional for further evaluation.

Diagnosis of body dysmorphic disorder is typically based on:

  • A psychological evaluation that assesses risk factors and thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to negative self-image
  • Personal, social, family and medical history
  • Symptoms listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association
April 28, 2016
References
  1. Body dysmorphic disorder. In: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-5. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. http://www.psychiatryonline.org. Accessed March 24, 2016.
  2. Phillips KA. Body dysmorphic disorder. In: Gabbard's Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2014. http://psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.books.9781585625048.gg22. Accessed March 24, 2016.
  3. Body dysmorphic disorder. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/psychiatric-disorders/obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders/body-dysmorphic-disorder. Accessed March 24, 2016.
  4. Veale D, et al. Body dysmorphic disorder. BMJ. 2015;350:h2278.
  5. Fang A, et al. Body dysmorphic disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 2014;37:287.
  6. Greenberg JL, et al. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescent body dysmorphic disorder: A pilot study. Behavior Therapy. 2016;47:213.
  7. Body dysmorphic disorder. Anxiety and Depression Association of America. http://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/related-illnesses/other-related-conditions/body-dysmorphic-disorder-bdd. Accessed March 24, 2016.
  8. Sawchuk CN (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 12, 2016.