In-depth

Symptoms

Headache

Tests and diagnosis

CT scan

MRI

June 29, 2016
References
  1. Arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions of the central nervous system fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/avms/detail_avms.htm. Accessed Jan. 6, 2015.
  2. What is an arteriovenous malformation? American Stroke Association. http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/AboutStroke/TypesofStroke/HemorrhagicBleeds/What-Is-an-Arteriovenous-Malformation-AVM_UCM_310099_Article.jsp. Accessed Jan. 6, 2015.
  3. Singer RJ. Brain arteriovenous malformations. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 6, 2015.
  4. Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/misc/diagnostic_tests.htm. Accessed Jan. 6, 2015.
  5. Van Beijnum J, et al. Treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations: A systemic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2011;306:2011.
  6. Meyers P, et al. Indications for the performance of intracranial endovascular neurointerventional procedures. Circulation. 2009;119:2235.
  7. Bendok B, et al. Advances and innovations in brain arteriovenous malformation surgery. Neurosurgery. 2014;74(suppl):S60.
  8. Let's talk about emotional changes after stroke. American Stroke Association. http://www.strokeassociation.org/idc/groups/stroke-public/@wcm/@hcm/documents/downloadable/ucm_309718.pdf. Accessed Jan. 9, 2015.
  9. Bendok BR (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz. Feb. 5, 2015.
  10. Rice EM. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic. Rochester, Minn. Jan. 20, 2015.