Lifestyle and home remedies
Avoid contact sports — such as soccer, football and hockey — and limit other activities as recommended by your doctor. Modifying your activities can reduce the risk of a ruptured spleen.
It's also important to wear a seat belt. If you're in a car accident, a seat belt can help prevent injury to your spleen.
Finally, be sure to keep your vaccinations up to date because your risk of infection is increased. That means at least an annual flu shot, and a tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis booster every 10 years. Ask your doctor if you need any additional vaccines.
- Landaw SA, et al. Approach to the adult patient with splenomegaly and other splenic disorders. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Splenomegaly. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology_and_oncology/spleen_disorders/splenomegaly.html. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Longo DL, et al. Enlargement of lymph nodes and spleen. In: Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Splenomegaly. U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003276.htm. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Recommended adult immunization schedule: United States - 2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/hcp/adult.html. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Enlarged spleen. The Merck Manuals: Merck Manual Consumer Version. https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/blood-disorders/spleen-disorders/enlarged-spleen. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Computed tomography (CT) — Abdomen and pelvis. Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=abdominct#preparation. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) — Body. Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=bodymr#preparation. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. Lab Tests Online. https://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/bone-marrow/tab/test/. Accessed June 28, 2016.
- Mesa RA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, Az. June 14, 2016.
Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)