Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Medical conditions — including arthritis, gout and infections — also can cause knee pain.
Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures. Physical therapy and knee braces also can help relieve knee pain. In some cases, however, your knee may require surgical repair.
Feb. 26, 2016
- Knee problems. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Knee_Problems. Accessed Jan. 22, 2016.
- Firestein GS, et al. Hip and knee pain. In: Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 22, 2016.
- Beutler A, et al. Approach to the athlete or active adult with knee pain. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 22, 2016.
- Common knee injuries. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00325. Accessed Jan. 22, 2016.
- Kalunian KC. Nonpharmacologic therapy of osteoarthritis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 22, 2016.
- Kalunian KC. Initial pharmacologic therapy of osteoarthritis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 22, 2016.
- Laskowski ER (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 1, 2016.
- Ayhan E, et al. Intra-articular injections (corticosteroid, hyaluronic acid, platelet rich plasma) for the knee arthritis. World Journal of Orthopedics. 2014;5:351.
- Glucosamine and chondroitin for osteoarthritis. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/glucosaminechondroitin. Accessed Jan. 25, 2016.
- Acupuncture: In depth. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/acupuncture/introduction. Accessed Jan. 25, 2016.