In-depth

Causes

Male hypogonadism

Complications

Bone health tips

Wondering how to keep your bones strong and healthy? Follow these tips to take care of your bones.

Prevention

Calcium

Exercising with osteoporosis

Choosing the right exercises and performing them correctly can help minimize the effects of osteoporosis. Find out what types of exercises are best.

Fall prevention

Concerned about falls? Don't let your fear take over. Take charge with six simple fall-prevention strategies.

Symptoms

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Tests and diagnosis

Bone density test

CT scan

Ultrasound

Treatments and drugs

Osteoporosis treatment: Medications can help

July 06, 2016
References
  1. Handout on health: Osteoporosis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Osteoporosis/osteoporosis_hoh.asp. Accessed May 11, 2016.
  2. Goldman L, et al., eds. Osteoporosis. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 11, 2016.
  3. Firestein GS, et al. Metabolic bone disease. In: Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 11, 2016.
  4. Ferri FF. Osteoporosis. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2016. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 11, 2016.
  5. AskMayoExpert. Osteoporosis treatment. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
  6. Lawson EA, et al. Anorexia nervosa: Endocrine complications and their management. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 11, 2016.
  7. Kleerekoper M. Screening for osteoporosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 11, 2016.
  8. Rosen HN. The use of bisphosphonates in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 12, 2016.
  9. Finkelstein JS. Treatment of osteoporosis in men. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 12, 2016.
  10. Rosen HN. Risks of bisphosphonate therapy in patients with osteoporosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 12, 2016.
  11. FRAX: WHO fracture risk assessment tool. World Health Organization. http://www.shef.ac.uk/FRAX/tool.jsp?locationValue=9. Accessed May 12, 2016.
  12. Calcium. Office of Dietary Supplements. National Institutes of Health. http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-HealthProfessional. Accessed May 12, 2016.
  13. Vitamin D. Office of Dietary Supplements. National Institutes of Health. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-HealthProfessional. Accessed May 12, 2016.
  14. Natural medicines in the clinical management of osteoporosis. Natural Medicines. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/. Accessed May 12, 2016.
  15. Kurt Kennel (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 24, 2016.
  16. Ross AC, et al. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK56070.