Tests and diagnosis

CT scan




Dec. 18, 2015
  1. Frontera WR. Sacroiliac joint dysfunction. In: Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Musculoskeletal Disorders, Pain, and Rehabilitation. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. Accessed Oct. 23, 2015.
  2. Wu DT, et al. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis and non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis in adults. Accessed Oct. 23, 2015.
  3. Navallas M, et al. Sacroiliitis associated with axial spondyloarthritis: New concepts and latest trends. RadioGraphics. 2013;33:1.
  4. FDA Drug Safety Communication: FDA strengthens warning that non-aspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can cause heart attacks or strokes. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Accessed Nov. 2, 2015.