Overview

Takayasu's arteritis (tah-kah-YAH-sooz ahr-tuh-RIE-tis) is a rare type of vasculitis, a group of disorders that cause blood vessel inflammation. In Takayasu's arteritis, the inflammation damages the aorta — the large artery that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body — and its main branches.

The disease can lead to blockages or narrowed arteries (stenosis) or abnormally dilated arteries (aneurysms). Takayasu's arteritis can also lead to arm or chest pain and high blood pressure and eventually to heart failure or stroke.

If you don't have symptoms, you may not need treatment. Or you may need medications to control the inflammation in the arteries and prevent complications. But even with treatment, relapses are common.

March 12, 2016
References
  1. Takayasu's arteritis. Vasculitis Foundation. http://staging.vasculitisfoundation.org/education/forms/takayasus-arteritis/ Accessed Jan. 12, 2016.
  2. AskMayoExpert. Takayasu arteritis. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  3. Minagar A, et al. Neurologic presentations of systemic vasculitides. Neurology Clinics. 2010;28:171.
  4. Glebova NO, et al. Takayasu's disease. In: Rutherford's Vascular Surgery. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 12, 2016.
  5. Firestein GS, et al. Giant cell arteritis, polymyalgia rheumatic, and Takayasu's arteritis. In: Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 12, 2016.
  6. Takayasu's arteritis. American College of Rheumatology. http://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Takayasus-Arteritis. Accessed Jan. 12, 2016.
  7. Chang-Miller A (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Ariz. Feb. 17, 2016.
  8. Hunder GG. Treatment of Takayasu arteritis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 15, 2016.