In-depth

Complications

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Prevention

Sex and aging

Symptoms

Painful intercourse (dyspareunia)

Painful urination (dysuria)

Urinary incontinence

Vagina

Tests and diagnosis

Pap smear

Pelvic exam

A pelvic exam may be done as a part of a routine checkup to evaluate your gynecologic health or to help diagnose a medical condition.

Urinalysis

Treatments and drugs

Cancer treatment for women: Possible sexual side effects

NuvaRing (vaginal ring)

April 23, 2016
References
  1. Atrophic vaginitis. First consult. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 17, 2016.
  2. Bachman G, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of vaginal atrophy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 17, 2016.
  3. Menopause. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gynecology-and-obstetrics/menopause/menopause. Accessed Feb. 17, 2016.
  4. Palma F, et al. Vaginal atrophy of women in postmenopause. Results from a multicentric observational study: The AGATA study. Maturitas.2016;83:40.
  5. Bachman G, et al. Treatment of vaginal atrophy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 17, 2016.
  6. Goldman L, et al., eds. Menopause. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 17, 2016.
  7. Menopausal symptoms in depth. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/menopause/menopausesymptoms. Accessed Feb. 17, 2016.
  8. Thielen JM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 23, 2016.
  9. Portman DJ, et al. Genitourinary syndrome of menopause: New terminology for vulvovaginal atrophy from the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health and The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2014;21:1063.