- Checking pulse over the carotid artery
- Assessing flexibility in the legs, hips and lower back
- Measuring muscular fitness
- Walking poles
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- Features of a walking shoe
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- Video: Lunge exercise
- Video: Squat exercise
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- Slide show: Golf stretches for a more fluid swing
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Slide show: Aquatic exercise how to'sBy Mayo Clinic staff
Water walking with hand webs
Aquatic exercise is a low-impact activity that takes the pressure off your bones, joints and muscles. Water offers natural resistance, which helps strengthen your muscles. You can even do aquatic exercise if you don't know how to swim.
You might start with water walking. In water that's about waist-high, walk across the pool swinging your arms like you do when walking on land. Avoid walking on your tiptoes, and keep your back straight. Tighten your abdominal muscles to avoid leaning too far forward or to the side.
To increase resistance as your hands and arms move through the water, wear hand webs or other resistance devices. Water shoes can help you maintain traction on the bottom of the pool.Next slide
- Cadmus L, et al. Community-based aquatic exercise and quality of life in persons with osteoarthritis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2010;42:8.
- Katsura Y, et al. Effects of aquatic exercise training using water-resistance equipment in elderly. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2010;108:957.
- Dundar U, et al. Clinical effectiveness of aquatic exercise to treat chronic low back pain: A randomized controlled trial. Spine. 2009;34:1436.
- Laskowski ER (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 2, 2010.