ComplicationsBy Mayo Clinic staff
Possible, though uncommon, complications of bee and other insect stings include:
- Anaphylaxis. A severe allergic reaction is the most dangerous complication of a bee or other insect sting. A rapid fall in blood pressure can lead to loss of consciousness, and can sometimes be fatal. Anaphylaxis requires an emergency shot of epinephrine and a trip to the emergency room.
- Toxic reaction to multiple stings can be dangerous, especially in children. Because children are smaller than adults, fewer stings can create high levels of venom in the bloodstream. Complications of massive poisoning by venom (envenomation) include heart problems, rapid muscle tissue damage (rhabdomyolysis) and kidney failure.
- Infection at the site of a sting. As with other cases when the skin is broken, a sting site may become infected. Scratching a sting site can increase your risk of infection.
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