A single copy of this article may be reprinted for personal, noncommercial use only.
Breast-feeding twins: Making feedings manageableBy Mayo Clinic staff
Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/breastfeeding-twins/MY01944
Infant and toddler health (24)
- Vaccines: Keep your child's shots on track
- Language development: Speech milestones for babies
- Childhood vaccines: Tough questions, straight answers
- see all in Infant and toddler health
Newborn health (26)
- Infant development: Birth to 3 months
- Premature baby? Understand your preemie's special needs
- Pacifiers: Are they good for your baby?
- see all in Newborn health
Infant health (24)
- Weaning: Tips for breast-feeding mothers
- Infant formula: Your questions answered
- Infant formula: 7 steps to prepare it safely
- see all in Infant health
Toddler health (16)
- Parenting tips: How to improve toddler behavior
- Burn safety: Protect your child from burns
- Water safety: Protect your child from drowning
- see all in Toddler health
Breast-feeding twins: Making feedings manageable
Planning to breast-feed more than one baby? Here's help breast-feeding twins or other multiples, from getting positioned and ensuring an adequate milk supply to combining breast-feeding and formula-feeding.By Mayo Clinic staff
If you've decided to breast-feed your multiples, congratulations! Breast-feeding will provide many benefits for you and your babies. Still, breast-feeding twins or other multiples can be challenging. Understand how to get started and where to turn for support.
What are the benefits of breast-feeding twins or higher order multiples?
Breast milk contains the right balance of nutrients for your babies. The antibodies in breast milk will boost your babies' immune systems. Breast milk also has special benefits for babies who are born prematurely, as are many twins and higher order multiples. Breast milk is easier to digest than is commercial infant formula — especially for premature babies who have smaller, less mature stomachs and intestines. If your babies aren't able to nurse at first, you can pump breast milk to be given to your babies through a feeding tube.
Beyond the health benefits for your newborns, breast-feeding is likely the most convenient and least expensive way to feed your babies — and it might help you lose weight after you give birth. Breast-feeding twins or other multiples also ensures frequent interaction between you and each of your babies.
Should I breast-feed my babies at the same time?
When you start breast-feeding your twins or higher order multiples, feed each baby individually. This will give you a chance to see how well each baby latches on to your breast and address any potential issues. Consider creating a 24-hour chart to record how long and how often each baby nurses, as well as the number of wet and soiled diapers for each baby. If you feed your babies pumped breast milk, you can also record how much they take at each feeding.
Once you've established breast-feeding with each baby, how you breast-feed is up to you and your babies. Some mothers find that breast-feeding two babies at once works well and saves time. Others prefer to breast-feed each baby separately. Likewise, some babies might show a preference for individual feedings. Try different approaches or a combination — such as breast-feeding one baby at a time at night and two at the same time during the day — to see what might work best for you and your babies.
What positions can I use to breast-feed my babies at the same time?
CLICK TO ENLARGE
|Double-clutch or double-football hold|
There are many ways to breast-feed two babies at the same time. What's most important is choosing a position that feels comfortable to you and your babies.
- Double-clutch or double-football hold. In this position, you'll hold each baby in a clutch or football hold. Place a pillow on each side of your body. You might also want to place another pillow on your lap. Place each baby on a pillow beside your body — almost under your arm — so that the babies' legs point toward the back of your chair. Make sure each baby lies on his or her back with his or her head at the level of your nipple. Place the palm of one hand at the base of each baby's head to provide support. Alternatively, you can place both babies — head to head — on pillows directly in front of you. Be sure to keep your babies' bodies turned toward you, rather than facing up. Use the palms of your hands to provide support for each baby's head.
- Cradle-clutch combination. In this position, you'll hold one baby in the cradle position — with his or her head on your forearm and his or her whole body facing yours — and the other baby in the clutch position. If one of your babies has an easier time latching on to your breast or staying latched, place him or her in the cradle position.
- Double-cradle hold. To use the double-cradle position, you'll place both of your babies in the cradle position in front of you. Position your babies so that their legs overlap and make an X across your lap.
At first, you might want or need help positioning your babies. Enlist someone to help you get situated until you get the hang of simultaneous feedings.
Will I have enough milk?
Most women are able to produce enough milk to feed twins. Many women are also able to breast-feed or pump enough breast milk to feed higher order multiples. To ensure a steady milk supply, consider these tips:
- Start right after birth. Breast-feeding your newborns soon after birth and at least eight to 12 times every 24 hours will help you establish your milk supply. The more often you breast-feed, the more milk you'll produce.
- Pump. If your babies are born early and are unable to breast-feed right away, begin pumping shortly after you give birth to establish your milk supply. Ask a lactation consultant about renting a hospital-grade breast pump that allows you to pump both breasts at once. Double-breast pumps help stimulate milk production while cutting pumping time in half. Once breast-feeding is well established, pumping also allows other caregivers to help with feedings, which can be particularly helpful for mothers of higher order multiples.
- Alternate breasts. Alternating the breasts you use to feed each of your babies will help maintain your milk production, since each of your babies might have a different style of feeding. Switching breasts will also give your babies different views, which stimulates their eyes. Consider assigning each baby to one breast for a day and then switching the next day or giving each baby a different breast at each feeding.
Remember to always bring your babies to your breast — rather than bending over or leaning forward to bring your breast to your babies.
Can I combine breast-feeding and formula-feeding?
Exclusive breast-feeding is ideal. However, some mothers choose to combine breast-feeding and formula-feeding. For example, you might replace one or more breast-feeding sessions with a formula-feeding. Work with your doctor, your baby's doctor and a lactation consultant to determine what works best for you and your babies. If you give your babies formula, keep in mind that your milk production might begin to decrease if you breast-feed or pump less than eight to 10 times within 24 hours.
What else do I need to know about breast-feeding twins or higher order multiples?
Getting the hang of breast-feeding twins or other multiples can be difficult, but don't get discouraged. If you're struggling, meet with a lactation consultant who has experience with multiples. Ask your baby's doctor for help. Talk to other women who successfully breast-fed multiples. Ask loved ones for assistance with household tasks and the care of older siblings — or consider hiring household help — so that you can focus on feeding and caring for your babies.
Be patient with yourself and your babies as you experience the challenges and rewards of breast-feeding two or more newborns. Above all, don't be afraid to ask for help.
- Your guide to breastfeeding. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health. http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/breastfeeding-guide. Accessed Dec. 6, 2011.
- Shelov SP, et al. Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5. 5th ed. New York, N.Y.: Bantam Books; 2009:93.
- Riordan J, et al. Breastfeeding and Human Lactation. 4th ed. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers; 2010:253.
- Zaichkin J. Newborn Intensive Care: What Every Parent Needs to Know. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Sheridan Books, Inc.; 2010:103.
- Brodsky D, et al. Primary Care of the Premature Infant. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2008:61.
- Breastfeeding your baby. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq029.ashx?dmc=1&ts=20111216T1413134490. Accessed Dec. 16, 2011.
- James DC, et al. Position of the American Dietetic Association: Promoting and supporting breastfeeding. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2009;109:1926.
- Choosing a breast pump. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/HomeHealthandConsumer/ConsumerProducts/BreastPumps/ucm061939.htm. Accessed Dec. 20, 2011.