PreventionBy Mayo Clinic staff
Because the cause of cluster headache is unknown, you can't prevent a first occurrence. However, a preventive strategy is crucial for managing cluster headache because only trying to treat acute attacks with medications can seem hopeless.
Prevention can help reduce the frequency and severity of the cluster attacks and the risk of medication overuse headaches. Preventive medications can also increase the effectiveness of acute medications.
In addition, you may help reduce your risk of future attacks by avoiding alcohol and nicotine, which often cause cluster headaches.
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