Bazuco (Spanish), Bolivian coca, Bolivianischer Kokastrauch (German), coca (English, French, Portuguese, Spanish), coca leaves, coca paste, cocaine, cocaine hydrochloride, cocaine plant, cocaine salt, Erythroxylaceae (Family), Erythroxylon (former Genus), Erythroxylum (Genus), Erythroxylum coca , Erythroxylum coca var. coca , Erythroxylum coca var. ipadu , Erythroxylum novogranatense var. novogranatense , Erythroxylum novogranatense var. truxillense , espadu (Portuguese), honger-en-dorstboom (Dutch), Huanuco coca, koka (Polish, Slovakian), koka pravá (Czechoslovakian), koka sort (Dutch), koka(cserje) (Hungarian), kokainovník pravý (Czechoslovakian), kokaplante (Danish), Kokastrauch (German), mamas coca (Quechua), mumus (Quechua), pitillo (Spanish).
Note : There are four plants from the Erythroxylum family that are typically grown for cultivation in South America, including E. coca var. coca , E. novogranatense var. novogranatense , E. coca var. ipadu , and E. novogranatense var. truxillense .
This monograph includes information on the coca plant and coca plant products, such as coca leaves, coca leaf tea, as well as cocaine. Coca leaves and cocaine are two different substances. Cocaine is an alkaloid present in the leaves of the coca plant. Cocaine powder, an addictive stimulant, has the potential for being toxic, particularly in large quantities or with long-term use. Cocaine abuse has resulted in increased illness and death.
The growth, sale, and possession of cocaine are illegal in most countries. Unprocessed coca leaf, however, may be legal in some South American countries because the use of coca leaves has traditionally been considered to be a part of the local cultural identity, especially for specific indigenous groups. As a preventive measure against cocaine production, coca plant cultivation is often limited in South American countries.
This monograph does not include information on prescription cocaine hydrochloride.