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Glycemic index diet: A helpful tool for diabetes?By Mayo Clinic staff
Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetes/AN00754
- With Mayo Clinic endocrinologist
Maria Collazo-Clavell, M.D.read biographyclose window
Maria Collazo-Clavell, M.D.Maria Collazo-Clavell, M.D.
Dr. Maria Collazo-Clavell is board certified in internal medicine, endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism. She's a consultant in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism & Nutrition at Mayo Clinic and an associate professor at College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic.
The Aibonito, Puerto Rico, native has been with Mayo Clinic since 1994.
She's a member of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, the American College of Endocrinology, the American Diabetes Association and The Endocrine Society.
Dr. Collazo-Clavell is medical editor of diabetes content on Mayo's health information website and for "Mayo Clinic The Essential Diabetes Book." Her clinical interests include management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, obesity and nutritional disorders.
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Glycemic index diet: A helpful tool for diabetes?
Is the glycemic index diet useful if you have diabetes?
from Maria Collazo-Clavell, M.D.
Some people with diabetes use the glycemic index (GI) as a guide in selecting foods — especially carbohydrates — for meal planning. The glycemic index classifies carbohydrate-containing foods according to their potential to raise your blood sugar level. Foods with a high glycemic index value tend to raise your blood sugar faster and higher than do foods with a lower value.
The glycemic index diet has potential benefits but may be problematic as well:
|Possible benefits||Potential problems|
It can be difficult to follow a glycemic index diet on your own. For one thing, most foods aren't ranked by glycemic index. Packaged foods don't generally list their GI ranking on the label, and it can be hard to estimate what it might be. Still, basic principles of the glycemic index diet may help you better manage and control your blood sugar:
- Choose high-fiber foods, such as whole grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables.
- Choose fresh or raw foods over canned or processed foods.
If you have diabetes, the glycemic index diet is just one tool to consider when determining your diet. If you're interested in learning more, talk to a registered dietitian. He or she can help you make changes in your diet.Next question
Diabetes diet: Should I avoid sweet fruits?
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- Glycemic index and diabetes. American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/glycemic-index-and-diabetes.html. Accessed Feb. 21, 2012.
- Thomas D, et al. Low glycaemic index, or low glycaemic load, diets for diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2009;CD006296. http://www2.cochrane.org/reviews. Accessed Mar. 5, 2012
- Whitney E, et al. Understanding Nutrition. 12th ed. Belmont, Calif.: Thomson Higher Education; 2011:110.
- Wood RJ, et al. Carbohydrate-restricted versus low-glycemic index diets for the treatment of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. Nutrition Reviews. 2009;67:179.