Clomiphene (Oral Route)Drug Information provided by: Micromedex
US Brand Names
Clomiphene is used as a fertility medicine in some women who are unable to become pregnant.
Clomiphene probably works by changing the hormone balance of the body. In women, this causes ovulation to occur and prepares the body for pregnancy.
Clomiphene may also be used for other conditions in both females and males as determined by your doctor.
The following information applies only to female patients taking clomiphene. Check with your doctor if you are a male and have any questions about the use of clomiphene.
Clomiphene is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Once a medicine has been approved for marketing for a certain use, experience may show that it is also useful for other medical problems. Although these uses are not included in product labeling, clomiphene is used in certain patients with the following medical conditions:
- Certain problems of the male sexual organs caused by pituitary or hypothalamus gland problems (diagnosis)
- Male infertility caused by low production of sperm
- Problems with the corpus luteum (mature egg)
For males taking this medicine for treatment of infertility caused by low sperm production:
- To help decide on the best treatment for your medical problem, tell your doctor:
- if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to clomiphene.
- if you have any of the following medical problems:
- Liver disease
- Mental depression
- If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. If you do not remember until it is time for the next dose, take both doses together; then go back to your regular dosing schedule. If you miss more than one dose, check with your doctor.
- It is important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to find out if clomiphene is working and to check for unwanted effects.
- This medicine may cause vision problems, dizziness, or lightheadedness. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not clear-headed or able to see well.
- Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. When this medicine is used for short periods of time at low doses, serious side effects usually are rare. However, check with your doctor if any of the following side effects occur:
- Less common or rare
- Blurred vision; decreased or double vision or other vision problems; seeing flashes of light; sensitivity of eyes to light; yellow eyes or skin
- Other side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. However, check with your doctor if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome:
- Less common or rare
- Breast enlargement; dizziness or lightheadedness; headache; mental depression; nausea or vomiting; nervousness; restlessness; tiredness; trouble in sleeping