Levetiracetam (Intravenous Route)
Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-information/DR602001
US Brand Names
Levetiracetam injection is used to help control certain types of seizures in the treatment of epilepsy. This medicine cannot cure epilepsy and will only work to control seizures for as long as you continue to use it.
This medicine is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of a doctor.
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of levetiracetam injection in children younger than 16 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of levetiracetam injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related kidney problems, which may require caution or an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving levetiracetam injection.
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Kidney problems—Higher blood levels of levetiracetam may occur, which may increase the chance of side effects.
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine in a hospital. Levetiracetam is given through a needle that is placed in one of your veins. The medicine must be injected slowly, so your IV tube will need to stay in place for 15 minutes.
Your doctor will give you a few doses of this medicine until your condition improves, and then switch you to an oral medicine that works the same way. If you have any concerns about this, talk to your doctor.
It is very important that your doctor check your progress closely while you are receiving this medicine. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to check for unwanted effects.
It is important to tell your doctor if you become pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Your doctor may want you to join the UCB AED Pregnancy Registry or North American Antiepileptic Drug Pregnancy Registry. These registries are used by pregnant patients who are using this medicine.
Levetiracetam may cause changes in mood or behavior, problems with coordination, or unusual tiredness or weakness. Tell your doctor right away if you start to feel depressed, anxious, or angry, getting upset easily, restless, or if you have thoughts about hurting yourself. Report any unusual thoughts or behavior that trouble you, especially if they are new or getting worse quickly.
This medicine may cause some people to become dizzy, drowsy, or less alert than they are normally. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy or not alert.
Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- Cough or hoarseness
- Fever or chills
- Lower back or side pain
- Painful or difficult urination
- Black, tarry stools
- Bleeding gums
- Blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
- Blood in the urine or stools
- Changes in behavior
- Darkened urine
- Fast heartbeat
- General tiredness and weakness
- Joint or muscle pain
- Light-colored stools
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
- Pale skin
- Pinpoint red spots on the skin
- Red skin lesions, often with a purple center
- Red, irritated eyes
- Restlessness or agitation
- Shortness of breath
- Sore throat
- Sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
- Thoughts or attempts at killing oneself
- Twitching, twisting, or uncontrolled repetitive movements of the tongue, lips, face, arms, or legs
- Ulcers, sores, or white spots in the mouth
- Uncontrolled jerking or twisting movements of the hands, arms, or legs
- Uncontrolled movements of the lips, tongue, or cheeks
- Unusual bleeding or bruising
- Unusual tiredness or weakness
- Upper right abdominal or stomach pain
- Yellow eyes or skin
Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:Symptoms of overdose
- Attack, assault, or force
- Decrease, loss, or change in consciousness
- Difficult or troubled breathing
- Dry mouth
- Irregular, fast or slow, or shallow breathing
- Irregular heartbeats
- Pale or blue lips, fingernails, or skin
- Sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
- Trouble with sleeping
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Body aches or pain
- Lack or loss of strength
- Runny nose
- Tender, swollen glands in the neck
- Trouble with swallowing
- Voice changes
- Aggressive or angry
- Burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
- Double vision or seeing double
- Feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- Feeling sad or empty
- Loss of interest or pleasure
- Loss of memory
- Loss or lack of appetite
- Mental depression
- Pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
- Problems with memory
- Quick to react or overreact emotionally
- Rapidly changing moods
- Sensation of spinning
- Shakiness and unsteady walk
- Stuffy nose
- Tightness of the chest or wheezing
- Trouble concentrating
- Troubled breathing
- Unsteadiness, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination
- Weight loss
- Hair loss or thinning of the hair
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.