Torsemide (Intravenous Route)
Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-information/DR602513
US Brand Names
Torsemide belongs to the group of medicines called loop diuretics. Torsemide is given to help reduce the amount of water in the body associated with congestive heart failure, liver disease (cirrhosis), or kidney disease. It works by acting on the kidneys to increase the flow of urine .
Torsemide is also used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the work load of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. High blood pressure may also increase the risk of heart attacks. These problems may be less likely to occur if blood pressure is controlled .
This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription .
This product is available in the following dosage forms:
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of torsemide injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established .
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatrics-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of torsemide injection in the elderly .
|All Trimesters||B||Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Arsenic Trioxide
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Enalapril Maleate
- Ibuprofen Lysine
- Magnesium Salicylate
- Mefenamic Acid
- Salicylic Acid
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Anuria (not able to form urine)—Should not use in patients with this condition
- Diabetes—This medicine may increase the amount of sugar in the blood .
- Electrolyte imbalance (e.g., low amount of potassium in the blood) or
- Gout or
- Hearing problems or
- Hypovolemia (low blood volume)—Use with caution. This medicine may worsen these conditions .
- Heart disease—May increase risk of having heart rhythm problems .
- Hyperlipidemia—This medicine may increase the amount of cholesterol in the blood .
- Kidney disease, severe or
- Liver disease—Higher blood levels of torsemide may occur, which may increase the chance of side effects .
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine. This medicine is given through a needle placed into one of your veins .
Your doctor will only give you a few doses of this medicine until your condition improves, and then you will be switched to another medicine that works the same way. If you have any concerns about this, talk to your doctor .
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:Less common
- Bloating or swelling of face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
- Chest pain
- Rapid weight gain
- Tingling of hands or feet
- Unusual weight gain or loss
Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:Symptoms of overdose
- Blurred vision
- Decreased urination
- Dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position suddenly
- Dry mouth
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- Increase in heart rate
- Increased thirst
- Loss of appetite
- Mood changes
- Muscle pain or cramps
- Nausea or vomiting
- Numbness in hands, feet, or lips
- Rapid breathing
- Shortness of breath
- Sunken eyes
- Unusual tiredness or weakness
- Weak pulse
- Wrinkled skin
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Increased urination
- Acid or sour stomach
- Difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
- Difficulty in moving
- Increased cough
- Lack or loss of strength
- Muscle aching
- Muscle stiffness
- Pain in joints
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- Stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
- Stuffy nose
- Swollen joints
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.