Olanzapine and Fluoxetine (Oral Route)
Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-information/DR602549
Olanzapine and Fluoxetine (Oral Route)Drug Information provided by: Micromedex
US Brand Names
Olanzapine and fluoxetine combination is used to treat depression that is a part of bipolar disorder. This medicine should not be used to treat behavioral problems in older adult patients who have dementia.
Olanzapine and fluoxetine combination is also used to treat treatment resistant depression in patients who have been treated with other antidepressants that did not work well.
This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
This product is available in the following dosage forms:
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of olanzapine and fluoxetine combination in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of olanzapine and fluoxetine combination in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have dementia or age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems, which may require caution or an adjustment of dosage in patients receiving olanzapine and fluoxetine combination.
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.
- Methylene Blue
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Antithrombin III Human
- Arsenic Trioxide
- Chloral Hydrate
- Dermatan Sulfate
- Flufenamic Acid
- Magnesium Salicylate
- Mefenamic Acid
- Niflumic Acid
- Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium
- Salicylic Acid
- St John's Wort
- Tiaprofenic Acid
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Betel Nut
- Valproic Acid
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Alzheimer's disease—Risk of aspiration pneumonia and seizures may be increased.
- Bleeding problems or
- Breast cancer or
- Enlarged prostate or
- Hyperlipidemia (increased blood cholesterol or fats) or
- Hyperprolactinemia (increased prolactin in the blood) or
- Hyponatremia (low sodium in the blood) or
- Liver disease or
- Narrow-angle glaucoma or
- Paralytic ileus (severe intestinal problem), history of or
- Seizures, history of—Use with caution. This medicine may make these conditions worse.
- Blood vessel or circulation problems or
- Dehydration or
- Heart attack or stroke, history of or
- Heart disease or
- Heart failure or
- Heart rhythm problems or
- Hypovolemia (low blood volume)—Low blood pressure may be worsened or may make these conditions worse.
- Diabetes or
- Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)—This medicine may raise your blood sugar levels.
Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. .
This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions. Ask your pharmacist for the Medication Guide if you do not have one. Your doctor might ask you to sign some forms to show that you understand this information.
You may take this medicine with or without food.
The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (capsules):
- For treatment of depression that occurs with bipolar disorder or treatment resistant depression:
- Adults—One capsule once a day in the evening. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For treatment of depression that occurs with bipolar disorder or treatment resistant depression:
If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure this medicine is working properly and to check for unwanted effects.
For some children, teenagers, and young adults, this medicine can increase thoughts of suicide. Tell your doctor or your child's doctor right away if you or your child start to feel more depressed and have thoughts about hurting yourselves. Report any unusual thoughts or behaviors that trouble you or your child, especially if they are new or are getting worse quickly. Make sure the doctor knows if you or your child have trouble sleeping, get upset easily, have a big increase in energy, or start to act reckless. Also tell the doctor if you or your child have sudden or strong feelings, such as feeling nervous, angry, restless, violent, or scared. Let the doctor know if you, your child, or anyone in your family has bipolar disorder (manic-depressive) or has tried to commit suicide.
Do not take this medicine within 2 weeks of taking a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor activity (e.g., isocarboxazid [Marplan®], phenelzine [Nardil®], selegiline [Eldepryl®], tranylcypromine [Parnate®]) and do not take an MAO inhibitor for at least 5 weeks after taking this medicine. If you do, you may develop extremely high blood pressure or seizures.
Do not take thioridazine (Mellaril®) while you are taking this medicine or less than 5 weeks after you have stopped taking this medicine. You should not use pimozide (Orap®) while you are taking this medicine. Using these medicines together can cause very serious heart problems.
Do not breastfeed while you are using this medicine.
This medicine may increase the amount of sugar in your blood. Check with your doctor right away if you have increased thirst or urination. Your doctor may give you insulin or other medicines that can lower the amount of sugar in your blood.
This medicine may increase your cholesterol and fats in the blood. If this condition occurs, your doctor may give you some medicines that can lower the amount of cholesterol and fats in the blood.
This medicine may increase your weight. Your doctor may need to check your weight regularly during treatment with this medicine.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting may occur, especially when you get up from a lying or sitting position. Getting up slowly may help. If this problem continues or gets worse, check with your doctor.
If you develop a skin rash, hives, or any allergic reaction to this medicine, stop taking the medicine and check with your doctor as soon as possible.
Make sure your doctor knows about all the other medicines you are using. This medicine may cause serious conditions such as serotonin syndrome and neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS)-like reactions when taken with certain medicines such as linezolid [Zyvox®], lithium, tryptophan, St. John’s Wort, or some pain medicines (e.g., tramadol [Ultram®], sumatriptan [Imitrex®], zolmitriptan [Zomig®], or rizatriptan [Maxalt®]). Check with your doctor first before taking any other medicines.
Check with your doctor right away if you are having convulsions, difficulty with breathing, fast heartbeat, high fever, high or low blood pressure, increased sweating, loss of bladder control, severe muscle stiffness, unusually pale skin, or tiredness. These could be symptoms of a serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).
This medicine may cause tardive dyskinesia (a movement disorder). Check with your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms while taking this medicine: lip smacking or puckering, puffing of cheeks, rapid or worm-like movements of tongue, uncontrolled chewing movements, or uncontrolled movements of the arms and legs.
Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using aspirin, NSAIDS (e.g., ibuprofen, naproxen, Advil®, Aleve®, Celebrex®, or Motrin®), or a blood thinner such as warfarin or Coumadin®. Olanzapine and fluoxetine combination may increase your risk of having bleeding problems especially when taken together with these medicines.
This medicine may make it more difficult for your body to cool itself down. Use care not to become overheated during exercise or hot weather since overheating may result in heat stroke.
This medicine may cause drowsiness, trouble in thinking, trouble in controlling movements, or trouble in seeing clearly. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do other jobs that require you to be alert, well-coordinated, or able to think or see well.
Do not suddenly stop taking this medicine. If you have been instructed to stop taking this medicine, ask your doctor how to slowly decrease the dose. This is to decrease the chance of having symptoms such as agitation, breathing problems, chest pain, confusion, diarrhea, dizziness or lightheadedness, fast heartbeat, headache, increased sweating, muscle pain, nausea, restlessness, runny nose, trouble with sleeping, trembling or shaking, unusual tiredness or weakness, vision changes, or vomiting.
Avoid drinking alcohol while you are using this medicine.
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
- Body aches or pain
- Dryness or soreness of the throat
- Rapid weight gain
- Runny nose
- Shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
- Tender, swollen glands in the neck
- Tingling of the hands or feet
- Trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
- Trouble with swallowing
- Unusual weight gain or loss
- Voice changes
- Blurred vision
- Change in personality
- Change in vision
- Difficult or labored breathing
- Difficulty with sleeping
- Difficulty with speaking
- Ear pain
- Impaired vision
- Increase in body movements
- Loss of memory
- Pounding in the ears
- Problems with memory
- Shortness of breath
- Slow, fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
- Tightness in the chest
- Inability to move the eyes
- Increased blinking or spasms of the eyelid
- Sticking out of the tongue
- Uncontrolled twisting movements of the neck, trunk, arms, or legs
- Unusual facial expressions
- Bloody or black, tarry stools
- Severe stomach pain
- Vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds
Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:Symptoms of overdose
- Change in consciousness
- Changes in patterns and rhythms of speech
- Loss of consciousness
- Shakiness and unsteady walk
- Slurred speech
- Trouble with speaking
- Unsteadiness, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination
- Unusual drowsiness, dullness, tiredness, weakness, or feeling of sluggishness
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Dry mouth
- Increased appetite
- Lack or loss of strength
- Weight gain
- Change or problem with discharge of semen
- Decreased interest in sexual intercourse
- Difficulty with moving
- Inability to have or keep an erection
- Loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
- Muscle pain or stiffness
- Not able to have an orgasm
- Pain, swelling, or redness in the joints
- Tooth disorder
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.