Lacosamide (Intravenous Route)
Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-information/DR602827
US Brand Names
Lacosamide injection is used to control certain seizures (convulsions) in the treatment of epilepsy. It acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to reduce the number and severity of seizures.
This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
This product is available in the following dosage forms:
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of lacosamide injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of lacosamide injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related heart, kidney, or liver problems, which may require caution in patients receiving lacosamide injection.
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Diabetic neuropathy or
- Heart attack or
- Heart block or
- Heart failure or
- Heart or blood vessel disease or
- Heart rhythm problems (e.g., prolonged PR interval) or
- Sick sinus syndrome—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Kidney disease or
- Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
- Liver disease, severe—Should not be used in patients with this condition.
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine in a hospital. This medicine is given through a needle placed in one of your veins. The medicine must be injected slowly, so your IV tube will need to stay in place for 30 to 60 minutes.
Your doctor may give you a few doses of this medicine until your condition improves, and then you may be switched to an oral medicine that works the same way. If you have any concerns about this, talk to your doctor.
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure this medicine is working properly and to check for unwanted effects.
If you develop any unusual or strange thoughts and behavior while receiving lacosamide injection, be sure to discuss it with your doctor. Some changes that have occurred in people receiving this medicine are like those seen in people who drink too much alcohol. Other changes might be confusion, worsening of depression, hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there), suicidal thoughts, and unusual excitement, nervousness, or irritability.
This medicine may cause some people to become drowsy, dizzy, lightheaded, unconscious, clumsy, unsteady, or less alert than they are normally. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert or able to think or see well.
Do not stop taking this medicine without checking with your doctor first. Your doctor may want you to gradually reduce the amount you are using before stopping it completely.
Lacosamide injection may cause serious allergic reactions affecting multiple body organs (e.g., liver or kidney). Check with your doctor right away if you have the following symptoms: fever, dark urine, headache, rash, stomach pain, unusual tiredness, or yellow eyes or skin.
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- Shakiness and unsteady walk
- Sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
- Trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
- Unsteadiness, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination
- Being forgetful
- Bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of the skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at the injection site
- Feeling sad or empty
- Itching skin
- Lack of appetite
- Loss of balance control
- Loss of interest or pleasure
- Mood or mental changes
- Tearing of the skin
- Trouble concentrating
- Trouble in walking
- Trouble sleeping
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Flushing or redness of the skin
- Lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
- Shortness of breath
- Slow or irregular heartbeat
- Unusual tiredness
- Unusually warm skin
- Abnormal or decreased touch sensation
- Black, tarry stools
- Burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
- Changes in patterns and rhythms of speech
- Continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
- Fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
- Feeling drunk
- Hearing loss
- Lower back or side pain
- Painful or difficult urination
- Pale skin
- Shortness of breath
- Slurred speech
- Sore throat
- Trouble in speaking
- Trouble performing routine tasks
- Trouble with balance
- Troubled breathing with exertion
- Ulcers, sores, or white spots in the mouth
- Unusual bleeding or bruising
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Blurred vision
- Double vision
- Seeing double
- Feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- Lack or loss of strength
- Sensation of spinning
- Uncontrolled eye movements
- Acid or sour stomach
- Difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
- Dry mouth
- Muscle spasms
- Stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.