Dexlansoprazole (Oral Route)
Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-information/DR602873
Dexlansoprazole (Oral Route)Drug Information provided by: Micromedex
US Brand Names
Dexlansoprazole is used to treat certain conditions in which there is too much acid in the stomach. It is used to treat erosive esophagitis or "heartburn" caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition where the acid in the stomach washes back up into the esophagus.
Dexlansoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). It works by decreasing the amount of acid produced by the stomach.
This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
This product is available in the following dosage forms:
- Capsule, Delayed Release
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of dexlansoprazole in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of dexlansoprazole in the elderly.
|All Trimesters||B||Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Mycophenolate Mofetil
Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Diarrhea or
- Hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood), history of or
- Osteoporosis (bone problem) or
- Seizures, history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal from the body.
Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.
This medicine comes with a patient information insert. Read and follow the instructions in the insert carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
You may take this medicine with or without food.
Swallow the delayed-release capsule whole. If you cannot swallow the capsule whole, you may open it and pour the medicine into a tablespoon of soft food such as applesauce, pudding, or yogurt. Swallow the mixture right away without chewing. Do not store the mixed medicine for later use.
Use only the brand of this medicine that your doctor prescribed. Different brands may not work the same way.
The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (delayed-release capsules):
- For erosive esophagitis (EE):
- Adults—60 milligrams (mg) once a day for up to 8 weeks. To prevent erosive esophagitis from coming back and for relief of heartburn, your doctor may want you to take 30 mg once a day for up to 6 months.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD):
- Adults—30 milligrams (mg) once a day for 4 weeks.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For erosive esophagitis (EE):
If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
It is important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits. This will allow your doctor to see if this medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to take it. Blood and other laboratory tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects. If your condition does not improve, or if it become worse, check with your doctor.
This medicine may cause a serious type of allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Stop using this medicine and check with your doctor right away if you have a rash; itching; hoarseness; trouble breathing; trouble swallowing; or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth while you are using this medicine.
Dexlansoprazole may increase your risk of having fractures of the hip, wrist, and spine. This is more likely if you are 50 years of age and older, if you receive high doses of this medicine, or use it for one year or more.
This medicine may cause hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood). This is more likely to occur if you are taking this medicine for more than one year, or if you are taking this medicine together with digoxin (Lanoxin®) or certain diuretics or "water pills". Stop using this medicine and check with your doctor right away if you have convulsions (seizures); fast, racing, or uneven heartbeat; muscle spasms (tetany); tremors; or unusual tiredness or weakness.
Check with your doctor right away if you have watery stool that does not go away, stomach pain, and fever while taking this medicine.
Do not stop taking this medicine without first checking with your doctor, or unless told to do so by your doctor.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription (e.g., atazanavir, Reyataz®) or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:Less common
- Acid or sour stomach
- Black, tarry stools
- Bleeding after defecation
- Bleeding from the rectum or bloody stools
- Bloated or full feeling
- Blurred vision
- Burning feeling in the chest or stomach
- Burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Chest tightness or heaviness
- Continuing diarrhea
- Continuing stomach pain
- Cracked lips
- Decreased urine
- Deep or fast breathing with dizziness
- Difficult or labored breathing
- Dry mouth
- Excess air or gas in the stomach
- Fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
- Feeling of heat
- Gaseous abdominal or stomach pain
- Headache, severe and throbbing
- Incoherent speech
- Increased thirst
- Increased urination
- Joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
- Lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
- Loss of appetite
- Metallic taste
- Mood changes
- Muscle pain or cramps
- Muscle weakness
- Nausea or vomiting
- Numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips
- Pain or burning in the throat
- Pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, leg, back, or neck
- Pale skin
- Passing of gas
- Pounding in the ears
- Recurrent fever
- Redness of the skin
- Right upper abdominal or stomach pain and fullness
- Shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
- Sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips, tongue, or inside the mouth
- Stomach cramps
- Stomach discomfort, fullness, upset, or pain
- Swelling of the eyelids, face, lips, hands, or feet
- Swollen, painful, or tender lymph glands in the neck, armpit, or groin
- Tenderness in the stomach area
- Troubled breathing with exertion
- Uncomfortable swelling around the anus
- Unusual bleeding or bruising
- Unusual tiredness or weakness
- Vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds
- Watery or bloody diarrhea
- Weight loss
- Yellow eyes or skin
- Muscle spasms (tetany) or twitching
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Less common
- Abnormal dreams
- Blemishes on the skin
- Blistering, crusting, irritation, itching, or reddening of the skin
- Body aches or pain
- Bumps on the skin
- Burning or itching around the anus
- Burning while urinating
- Change in taste or bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
- Changes in appetite
- Changes in menstrual periods
- Continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
- Cracked, dry, or scaly skin
- Decreased interest in sexual intercourse
- Decreased sexual ability in males
- Difficult or painful urination
- Difficulty with moving
- Dry, puffy skin
- Ear congestion
- Ear pain
- Excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
- Feeling cold
- Feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- Feeling of warmth
- Frequent strong or increased urge to urinate
- General feeling of discomfort or illness
- Hearing loss
- Heavy bleeding
- Hives or welts
- Inability to have or keep an erection
- Lack or loss of strength
- Longer or heavier menstrual periods
- Loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
- Loss of voice
- Muscle or bone pain
- Muscle stiffness
- Noisy breathing
- Pain around the anus
- Pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
- Pain, swelling, or redness in the joints
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Red, sore eyes
- Redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
- Sensation of spinning
- Sore throat
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Sudden sweating
- Thick, white, or curd-like vaginal discharge
- Trouble remembering
- Trouble sleeping
- Unable to sleep
- Voice changes
- Weight gain
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.