Eye painBy Mayo Clinic staff
Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/eye-pain/MY00279
Eye pain can occur on the surface of your eye or within your eye's deeper structures. Eye pain that's on the surface of your eye might be described as itching, burning or shooting pain. Surface eye pain is often related to a foreign object in your eye, an eye infection, or anything that irritates or inflames the membrane covering the surface of your eye.
You might describe eye pain originating deeper within your eye as throbbing or aching. This type of eye pain may be linked to a serious medical condition.
Severe eye pain — especially accompanied by any degree of vision loss — may be a signal that you need medical attention urgently.
- Blocked tear duct
- Chalazion (a type of cyst on your eyelid)
- Contact lens problem
- Corneal abrasion (rubbing off of the very top layers of the cornea, the transparent cover of your eye)
- Dry eyes
- Foreign object in eye
- Cluster headache
- Injury, such as from a blunt trauma or burn
- Optic neuritis
- Pink eye (conjunctivitis)
- Scleritis (inflammation of the sclera, the tough white outer part of your eyeball)
When to see a doctor
Call 911 or for emergency medical assistance
Seek immediate medical attention if:
- Your eye pain is unusually severe
- Your vision changes suddenly or you have difficulty seeing clearly
- Your eye is too painful to touch
- You experience abdominal pain or vomiting along with your eye pain
- Your eye pain is caused by a foreign object or chemical splashed in your eye
- You see halos around lights
- Your eye bulges outward
- You have trouble moving your eye
If you have eye pain and you wear soft contact lenses, have a weakened immune system or your eye pain is worse after using medication for three days, you should also seek medical attention.
- Ferri FF. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2013: 5 Books in 1. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2012. http://www.mdconsult.com/books/about.do?eid=4-u1.0-B978-0-323-08373-7..00002-9&isbn=978-0-323-08373-7&about=true&uniqId=343863096-23. Accessed Jan. 25, 2013.
- Marx JA, et al. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2010. http://www.mdconsult.com/books/about.do?about=true&eid=4-u1.0-B978-0-323-05472-0..X0001-1--TOP&isbn=978-0-323-05472-0&uniqId=230100505-57. Accessed Jan. 25, 2013.
- Eye pain. The Merck Manuals: The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/eye_disorders/symptoms_of_ophthalmologic_disorders/eye_pain.html?qt=eye pain&alt=sh. Accessed Jan. 14, 2013.
- Goldman L, et al. Cecil's Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/191371208-2/0/1492/0.html#. Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.
- Wilkinson JM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 26, 2013.