SymptomsBy Mayo Clinic staff
Most people who have fibromuscular dysplasia don't have any symptoms. Still, it's possible you could have some signs or symptoms of the disease, depending on what artery is affected by fibromuscular dysplasia.
Kidney signs and symptoms
If the arteries to your kidneys (renal arteries) are affected, you may have:
- High blood pressure
- Tissue damage in your kidney (ischemic renal atrophy)
- Chronic kidney failure, rarely
Brain signs and symptoms
If the arteries to your brain (carotid arteries) are affected, you may have:
- Blurred vision or temporary loss of vision
- Pulsating ringing in your ears (tinnitus)
- Neck pain
- Chronic headaches
- Facial weakness or numbness
Abdominal signs and symptoms
If the arteries to your abdomen (mesenteric arteries) are affected, you may have:
- Abdominal pain after eating
- Unintended weight loss
Arm and leg signs and symptoms
If the arteries to your arms or legs (peripheral arteries) are affected, you may have:
- Discomfort when moving your arms, legs, hands or feet
- Cold limbs
- Skin changes in color or appearance
Some people with fibromuscular dysplasia have more than one narrowed artery.
When to see a doctor
If you have fibromuscular dysplasia and have any sudden changes in your vision, ability to speak, or new weakness in your arms or legs, seek medical attention immediately.
If you have any of the other signs or symptoms listed and are concerned about your risk of fibromuscular dysplasia, see your doctor. Because fibromuscular dysplasia can be hereditary, tell your doctor about your family history of the disease, even before you show any symptoms so that he or she can be alert to changes that might suggest you have fibromuscular dysplasia. There's currently no genetic test for fibromuscular dysplasia.
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- Olin, JW, et al. The United States registry for fibromuscular dysplasia: Results in the first 447 patients. Circulation. 2012;125:3182.
- Slovut DP, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of fibromuscular dysplasia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 7, 2013.
- Slovut DP, et al. Treatment of fibromuscular dysplasia of the renal arteries. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 7, 2013.
- Olin JW, et al. Diagnosis, management, and future developments of fibromuscular dysplasia. Journal of Vascular Surgery. 2011;53:826.