Groin pain (male)By Mayo Clinic staff
Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/groin-pain/MY00181
Groin pain is pain in the area where the inner, upper thigh and lower abdomen meet.
The most common cause of groin pain is muscle, tendon or ligament strain, particularly in athletes who play sports such as hockey, soccer and football. Groin pain may occur immediately after an injury, or pain may come on gradually over a period of weeks or even months. Groin pain may be worsened by continued use of the injured area.
Less commonly, a bone injury or fracture, a hernia or even kidney stones may cause groin pain. Although testicle pain and groin pain are different, a testicle condition can sometimes cause pain that spreads to the groin area.
Direct and indirect causes of groin pain can include:
- Avascular necrosis
- Avulsion fracture: How is it treated?
- Inguinal hernia
- Kidney stones
- Muscle strain
- Retractile testicle
- Pinched nerve
- Piriformis syndrome
- Sprains and strains
- Scrotal masses
- Stress fractures
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Testicular cancer
- Testicular torsion
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
When to see a doctor
Seek immediate medical attention if you have:
- Groin pain along with back, abdomen or chest pain
- Sudden, severe testicle pain
- Testicle pain accompanied by nausea, fever, chills or blood in the urine
Schedule a doctor's visit if you have:
- Severe groin pain
- Groin pain that doesn't improve with home treatment within a few days
- Mild testicle pain lasting longer than a few days
- A lump or swelling in or around a testicle
- Intermittent intense pain along the lower side of your abdomen (flank) that may radiate along your groin and into your testicle
- Blood in your urine
If your groin pain is caused by a strain or sprain, these self-care measures may help:
- Take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others).
- Place an ice pack or bag of frozen peas on the sore area for 20 to 30 minutes two to four times a day.
- Sherman V, et al. Sports hernia. In: Brunicardi FC, et al. Schwartz's Principles of Surgery. 9th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill; 2010. http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=5031383. Accessed Dec. 21, 2010.
- Ferrri FF. Groin pain, active patient. In: Ferri FF. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2011. Philadelphia, Pa. Mosby Elsevier; 2010. http://www.mdconsult.com/books/page.do?eid=4-u1.0-B978-0-323-05610-6..00042-1--s0225&isbn=978-0-323-05610-6&sid=1098001856&type=bookPage§ionEid=4-u1.0-B978-0-323-05610-6..00042-1--s0225&uniqId=230457697-3#4-u1.0-B978-0-323-05610-6..00042-1--s0225. Accessed Dec. 22, 2010.