PreventionBy Mayo Clinic staff
You can avoid many foot, heel and ankle problems with shoes that fit properly. Here's what to look for when buying shoes:
- Adequate toe room. Avoid shoes with pointed toes.
- Low heels. Avoiding high heels will help you avoid back problems.
- Adjustability. Laced shoes are roomier and adjustable.
These additional tips may help you buy the right shoes:
- Buy shoes at the end of the day. Your feet are smaller in the morning and swell throughout the day.
- Don't assume your shoe size hasn't changed. As you age, your shoe size may change — especially the width. Measure both feet and buy for the larger foot.
- Ask for just the right fit. A shoe repair store can stretch shoes in tight spots.
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- Hammer toe. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00160. Accessed Jan. 10, 2013.
- DeLee JC, et al. DeLee & Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2010. http://www.mdconsult.com/books/about.do?about=true&eid=4-u1.0-B978-1-4160-3143-7..X0001-2--TOP&isbn=978-1-4160-3143-7&uniqId=230100505-57. Accessed Jan. 11, 2013.
- Malloy A, et al. Mallet toe deformity. Foot and Ankle Clinics of North America. 2011;16:537.
- Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. Selecting footwear for healthier feet. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2012.