Men's health (18)
- Belly fat in men: Why weight loss matters
- Penis health: Identify and prevent problems
- Kegel exercises for men: Understand the benefits
- see all in Men's health
Health issues for gay men: Prevention first
Seek help for substance abuse
Gay and bisexual men might face unique risk factors for substance abuse, such as:
- Relying on bars and clubs for socializing and peer support
- Stress related to passing as a heterosexual or coming out
- Trauma due to bullying, violence, abuse or self-abuse
- Impact of sexism and discrimination
If you have a substance abuse concern, remember that help is available. Local lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health, mental health or community centers often provide substance abuse treatment. Organizations such as the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association also may provide referrals.
Recognize domestic violence
Domestic violence can affect anyone in an intimate relationship. Warning signs specific to gay men might include a partner who:
- Threatens to tell friends, loved ones, colleagues or community members your sexual orientation or gender identity
- Tells you that authorities won't help a homosexual, bisexual or transgendered person
- Tells you that leaving the relationship means you're admitting that homosexual relationships are deviant
- Tells you that domestic violence is a normal part of homosexual relationships or that men are naturally violent
Staying in an abusive relationship might leave you depressed, anxious or hopeless. If you don't want to disclose your sexual orientation, you might be less likely to seek help after an assault. Still, the only way to break the cycle of domestic violence is to take action — the sooner the better. If you're a target of domestic violence, tell someone about the abuse, whether it's a friend, loved one, health care provider or other close contact. Consider calling a domestic violence hotline and creating a plan to leave your abuser.
Make routine health care a priority
Don't let fear of homophobia or the stigma associated with homosexuality prevent you from seeking routine health care. Instead, take charge of your health. Look for a doctor who puts you at ease. Identify yourself as gay or bisexual, and ask about routine screenings recommended for men in your age group — such as blood pressure and cholesterol measurements and screenings for prostate, testicular and colon cancer. If you're not in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship, schedule regular screenings for sexually transmitted infections. Share any other health concerns you might have with your doctor as well. Early diagnosis and treatment help promote long-term health.
You might also take heart in a plan unveiled in June 2011 by the Department of Health and Human Services to improve the collection of data that tracks the health and experiences of people who identify themselves as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. The collection of such information is expected to help address the unique health needs of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community.Previous page
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- Makadon HJ. Primary care of gay men. http://www.uptodate.com/index. Accessed June 28, 2011.
- The health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people: Building a foundation for better understanding. Institute of Medicine. http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2011/The-Health-of-Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual-and-Transgender-People/LGBT%20Health%202011%20Report%20Brief.pdf. Accessed June 28, 2011.
- Top 10 things gay men should discuss with their healthcare provider. Gay and Lesbian Medical Association. http://www.glma.org/_data/n_0001/resources/live/Top%20Ten%20Gay%20Men.pdf. Accessed June 28, 2011.
- Sexually transmitted diseases: Treatment guidelines, 2010: Special populations. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/specialpops.htm#wsw. Accessed June 28, 2011.
- Sexually transmitted diseases: Treatment guidelines, 2010: Clinical prevention guidance. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/clinical.htm#pm. Accessed June 28, 2011.
- Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender health. HealthyPeople.gov. http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=25. Accessed June 27, 2011.
- How to use a condom. American Social Health Association. http://www.ashastd.org/condom/condom_overview.cfm. Accessed June 28, 2011.
- Treatment works: Get help for anxiety and depression. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/Features/Depression. Accessed June 28, 2011.
- Pitt EL, et al. Violence and trauma: Recognitions, recovery and prevention. In: Makadon HJ, et al. The Fenway Guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Healthcare. Philadelphia, Pa.: American College of Physicians; 2008:253.
- Let's talk facts about domestic violence. American Psychiatric Association. http://healthyminds.org/factsheets/LTF-DomesticViolence.pdf. Accessed June 28, 2011.
- Feldman MB, et al. Eating disorders in diverse lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. The International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2007;40:218.
- Song YS, et al. Substance use and abuse. In: Makadon HJ, et al. The Fenway Guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Healthcare. Philadelphia, Pa.: American College of Physicians; 2008:209.
- Affordable Care Act to improve data collection, reduce health disparities. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2011pres/06/20110629a.html. Accessed June 29, 2011.
- FDA approves first medication to reduce HIV risk. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm311821.htm. Accessed July 16, 2012.