Risk factorsBy Mayo Clinic staff
Your risk of hepatitis B infection is increased if you:
- Have unprotected sex with more than one partner
- Have unprotected sex with someone who's infected with HBV
- Have a sexually transmitted infection such as gonorrhea or chlamydia
- Are a man who has sexual contact with other men
- Share needles during intravenous (IV) drug use
- Share a household with someone who has a chronic HBV infection
- Have a job that exposes you to human blood
- Receive hemodialysis for end-stage kidney (renal) disease
- Travel to regions with high infection rates of HBV, such as Africa, Central and Southeast Asia, and Eastern Europe
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- Lok ASF, et al. Chronic hepatitis B: Update 2009. Hepatology. 2009;50:1.
- Hepatitis B FAQs for the public. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/B/bFAQ.htm. Accessed July 25, 2011.
- What I need to know about hepatitis B. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/hepb_ez/. Accessed July 25, 2011.
- Hepatitis B. Lab Tests Online. http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/hepatitis-b/tab/glance. Accessed Aug. 1, 2011.
- Milk thistle. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://nccam.nih.gov/health/milkthistle/ataglance.htm. Accessed July 25, 2011.