Alternative medicine (1)
- Herbal supplements may not mix with heart medicines
- Spontaneous coronary artery dissection
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm
- Thoracic aortic aneurysm
- see all in Complications
Lifestyle and home remedies (11)
- Exercise: A drug-free approach to lowering high blood pressure
- Stress and high blood pressure: What's the connection?
- 10 ways to control high blood pressure without medication
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Risk factors (4)
- Sleep deprivation: Know the risks
- see all in Risk factors
- Symptom Checker
Tests and diagnosis (3)
- Blood pressure chart: What your reading means
- Microalbumin test
- Blood pressure test
Treatments and drugs (9)
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers
- Beta blockers
- Calcium channel blockers
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Uses for central-acting agents
Doctors prescribe central-acting agents to prevent, treat or improve symptoms in conditions, such as:
- High blood pressure
- Hot flashes
- Alcohol or drug withdrawal
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Tourette syndrome
Side effects and cautions
These medications can have strong side effects, so they aren't commonly used. Side effects include:
- Extreme fatigue
- Drowsiness or sedation
- Dry mouth
- Weight gain
- Psychological problems, such as depression
Abruptly stopping use of some central-acting agents can cause a sudden, dangerous increase in blood pressure. Don't stop taking these medications, especially if you are taking a beta blocker, without talking to your doctor.Previous page
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- Flynn JT. Treatment of high blood pressure: Drug therapy. In: Kaplan NM, et al. Kaplan's Clinical Hypertension. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010:192.
- Types of blood pressure medications. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/Types-of-Blood-Pressure-Medications_UCM_303247_Article.jsp. Accessed Sept. 30, 2010.
- High blood pressure: Medicines to help you. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/forconsumers/byaudience/forwomen/ucm118594.htm. Accessed Sept. 30, 2010.
- Kaplan NM, et al. Indications and contraindications to the use of specific antihypertensive drugs. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Sept. 30, 2010.
- Chobanian AV, et al. The seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. New England Journal of Medicine. 2003;289:2560.