- Diabetic retinopathy
- Amputation and diabetes: How to protect your feet
- Liver problems
- see all in Complications
Lifestyle and home remedies (11)
- Diabetes nutrition: Eating out when you have diabetes
- Diabetes nutrition: Including sweets in your meal plan
- Reading food labels: Tips if you have diabetes
- see all in Lifestyle and home remedies
- Couponing and other frugal food shopping tips
- Diabetes prevention: 5 tips for taking control
Treatments and drugs (8)
- Blood glucose meter: How to choose
- Insulin and weight gain: Keep the pounds off
- Erectile dysfunction and diabetes: Take control today
- see all in Treatments and drugs
Insulin and weight gain: Keep the pounds off
Avoid weight gain while taking insulin
Eating healthy foods and staying physically active every day can help you prevent unwanted weight gain. The following tips can help you keep the pounds off:
- Count calories. Eating and drinking fewer calories helps you prevent weight gain. Stock the refrigerator and pantry with fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Plan for every meal to have the right mix of starches, fruits and vegetables, proteins, and fats. Trim your portion sizes, skip second helpings and drink water instead of high-calorie drinks. Talk to your doctor, nurse or a dietitian about meal-planning strategies and resources.
- Don't skip meals. Don't try to cut calories by skipping meals. When you skip a meal, your body is less efficient at using energy, and you're more likely to make poor diet choices at the next mealtime because you're too hungry. Skipping meals also causes large fluctuations in blood sugar levels. Three modest meals a day with healthy snacks in between can result in better control of weight and blood glucose levels.
- Be physically active. Physical activity burns calories. A reasonable goal for most adults is a minimum of 150 minutes a week of moderately intense aerobic activity — such as walking, bicycling, water aerobics, dancing or gardening — plus muscle-strengthening exercises at least two times a week. Talk with your doctor about activities and exercises that are appropriate for you.
- Ask your doctor about other diabetes medications. Some diabetes medications that help regulate blood glucose levels — including metformin (Fortamet, Glucophage, others), exenatide (Byetta), liraglutide (Victoza) and pramlintide (Symlin) — may promote weight loss and enable you to reduce your insulin dosage. Ask your doctor if these or other medications would be an appropriate part of your diabetes treatment plan.
- Take your insulin only as directed. Don't skip or reduce your insulin dosages to ward off weight gain. Although you might shed pounds if you take less insulin than prescribed, the risks are serious. Without enough insulin, your blood sugar level will rise — and so will your risk of diabetes complications.
(2 of 2)
- What I need to know about diabetes medicines. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/medicines_ez/. Accessed June 30, 2011.
- Insulin basics. American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/medication/insulin/insulin-basics.html. Accessed June 30, 2011.
- Lau DC. Diabetes and weight management. Primary Care Diabetes. 2010;4:S24.
- Russell-Jones D, et al. Insulin-associated weight gain in diabetes - causes, effects and coping strategies. Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism. 2007;9:799.
- What I need to know about eating and diabetes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/eating_ez/index.aspx. Accessed June 30, 2011.
- Diabetes and me: Eat right. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/consumer/eatright.htm. Accessed July 1, 2011.
- Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults: Be active your way: A fact sheet for adults. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.health.gov/paguidelines/factSheetAdults.aspx. Accessed July 1, 2011.
- Biguanide. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/medicines_ez/insert_E.aspx. Accessed July 1, 2011.
- Amylin mimetic. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/medicines_ez/insert_L.aspx. Accessed July 1, 2011.
- Incretin mimetic. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/medicines_ez/insert_M.aspx. Accessed July 1, 2011.