What you can expectBy Mayo Clinic staff
The visit for intrauterine insemination takes about 15 to 20 minutes and is usually done in a doctor's office or clinic. The IUI procedure itself takes just a minute or two and requires no medications or pain relievers. Your doctor or a specially trained nurse performs the procedure.
During the procedure
While lying on an exam table, you'll put your legs into stirrups and a speculum will be inserted into your vagina — similar to what you experience during a Pap test. During the procedure, the doctor or nurse:
- Attaches a vial containing the small sample of healthy sperm to the end of a long, thin, flexible tube (catheter)
- Inserts the catheter into your vagina, through your cervical opening and into your uterus
- Pushes the sperm sample through the tube into your uterus
- Removes the catheter, followed by the speculum
After the procedure
After insemination you'll be asked to lie on your back for a brief period. Once the procedure is over, you can get dressed and go about your normal daily activities. You may experience some light spotting for a day or two after the procedure.
- Frequently asked questions. Treating infertility. Gynecological problems FAQ137. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq137.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130521T2008087677. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Reproductive health: Infertility FAQs. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/Infertility/. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Infertility fact sheet. Womenshealth.gov. http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/infertility.html. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Ginsberg ES. Procedure for intrauterine insemination (IUI) using processed sperm. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Tournaye HJ, et al. Management of male-factor infertility. Best Practice and Research: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2012;26:769.
- Demir B, et al. Factors affecting pregnancy outcome of intrauterine insemination cycles in couples with favorable female characteristics. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2011;31:420.
- Bernstein JA. Immunologic disorders of the female and male reproductive tract. Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. 2012;108:390.
- Coddington III CC (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 23, 2013.
- Stewart EA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 17, 2013.