Risk factorsBy Mayo Clinic staff
You're at increased risk of developing occupational asthma if:
- You have existing allergies or asthma. Although this can increase your risk, many people who have allergies or asthma do jobs that expose them to lung irritants and never have symptoms.
- Allergies or asthma run in your family. Your parents may pass down a genetic predisposition to occupational asthma.
- You work around known asthma triggers. Some substances are known to be lung irritants and asthma triggers. A number of workplace substances are known to cause occupational asthma.
It's possible to develop occupational asthma in almost any workplace. But your risk is higher if you work in certain occupations. Here are some of the riskiest jobs and the asthma-producing substances associated with them:
|Adhesive handlers||Chemicals such as acrylate|
|Animal handlers, veterinarians||Animal proteins|
|Bakers, millers||Cereal grains|
|Metal workers||Cobalt, nickel|
|Forest workers, carpenters, cabinetmakers||Wood dust|
|Hairdressers||Chemicals such as persulfate|
|Health care workers||Latex and chemicals such as glutaraldehyde|
|Pharmaceutical workers||Drugs, enzymes|
|Shellac handlers||Chemicals such as amines|
|Spray painters, insulation installers, plastics and foam industry workers||Chemicals such as diisocyanates|
|Users of plastics, epoxy resins||Chemicals such as anhydrides|
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