Risk factorsBy Mayo Clinic staff
Several factors may contribute to developing orchitis. For nonsexually transmitted orchitis, they include:
- Not being immunized against mumps
- Having recurring urinary tract infections
- Having surgery that involves the genitals or urinary tract, because of the risk of infection
- Being born with an abnormality in the urinary tract (congenital)
High-risk sexual behaviors that can lead to STIs also put you at risk of sexually transmitted orchitis. They include having:
- Multiple sexual partners
- Sex with a partner who has an STI
- Sex without a condom
- A personal history of an STI
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