PreventionBy Mayo Clinic staff
Manage underlying conditions
The best way to prevent peripheral neuropathy is to carefully manage any medical condition that puts you at risk. That means controlling your blood sugar level if you have diabetes or talking to your doctor about safe and effective treatments if you think you may have a problem with alcohol.
Make healthy lifestyle choices
Whether or not you have a medical condition, eating a healthy diet that's rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean protein can help keep your nerves healthy.
For example, nerve damage is common if you have a vitamin B-12 deficiency. The best food sources of vitamin B-12 are meats, fish, eggs, low-fat dairy foods and fortified cereals. If you're a strict vegetarian, fortified cereals are a good source of vitamin B-12 for you, but you may also want to talk to your doctor about B-12 supplements.
Regular exercise also is important. If possible, try to get at least 30 minutes to one hour of exercise at least three times a week.
Be aware of factors that may cause nerve damage. Avoid these activities and environmental factors as much as possible:
- Repetitive motions
- Cramped positions
- Exposure to toxic chemicals
- Smoking tobacco
- Drinking excessive alcohol
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