ComplicationsBy Mayo Clinic staff
Placental abruption can cause life-threatening problems for both mother and baby.
For the mother, placental abruption can lead to:
- Shock due to blood loss
- Blood clotting problems (disseminated intravascular coagulation)
- The need for a blood transfusion
- Failure of the kidneys or other organs
For the baby, placental abruption can lead to:
- Deprivation of oxygen and nutrients
- Premature birth
After the baby is born, bleeding from the site of the placental attachment is likely. If the bleeding can't be controlled, emergency removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) might be needed.
- Ananth CV, et al. Clinical features and diagnosis of placental abruption. http://www.uptodate.com/index.html. Accessed Oct. 13, 2011.
- Oyelese Y, et al. Management and outcome of pregnancies complicated by placental abruption. http://www.uptodate.com/index.html. Accessed Oct. 13, 2011.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Your Pregnancy and Childbirth Month to Month. 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 2010:373.
- Obstetrical hemorrhage. In: Cunningham FG, et al. Williams Obstetrics. 23rd ed. New York, N.Y.; The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2010. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=46. Accessed Oct. 14, 2011.
- Harms RW (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 22, 2011.