Tests and diagnosisBy Mayo Clinic staff
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|Chest X-ray showing pneumonia|
Your doctor may first suspect pneumonia based on your medical history and a physical exam. You may undergo some or all of these tests:
- Physical exam. During the exam, your doctor listens to your lungs with a stethoscope to check for abnormal bubbling or crackling sounds (rales) and for rumblings (rhonchi) that signal the presence of thick liquid.
- Chest X-rays. X-rays can confirm the presence of pneumonia and determine the extent and location of the infection.
- Blood and mucus tests. You may have a blood test to measure your white cell count and look for the presence of viruses, bacteria or other organisms. Your doctor also may examine a sample of your mucus or your blood to help identify the particular microorganism that's causing your illness.
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