Risk factorsBy Mayo Clinic staff
Because most causes of pulmonary valve stenosis develop before birth, there aren't many known risk factors. However, certain conditions can increase your risk of developing pulmonary valve stenosis, including:
- Carcinoid syndrome
- Rheumatic fever
- Noonan's syndrome
- Keane MG, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of pulmonic stenosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Sept. 8, 2011.
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- ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease. Washington, D.C. and Dallas, Tex.: American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2008;52:e143.