Quit-smoking basics (10)
- Chewing tobacco: Not a safe alternative to cigarettes
- Quitting smoking: 10 ways to resist tobacco cravings
- Quit-smoking products: Boost your chance of quitting for good
- see all in Quit-smoking basics
Quit-smoking action plan (5)
- Smoking cessation: Creating a quit-smoking plan
- Quit smoking: Proven strategies to help you quit
- Teen smoking: How to help your teen quit
- see all in Quit-smoking action plan
Living smoke-free (3)
- Support groups: Make connections, get help
- Relaxation techniques: Try these steps to reduce stress
- Stress management: Examine your stress reaction
Quit-smoking products: Boost your chance of quitting for good
Quitting smoking is hard, but quit-smoking products can improve your odds of success. Know the options so you can choose the right quit-smoking product.By Mayo Clinic staff
Want to quit smoking? Several quit-smoking products are available that can help you stop smoking for good. Using a quit-smoking product can greatly increase your chance of success. Only about 5 percent of people who try to quit tobacco succeed without a quit-smoking product. But more than 30 percent can succeed when using a quit-smoking product. You have the best chance at quitting smoking when you combine behavior therapy with use of one or more quit-smoking products.
Some quit-smoking products are known as nicotine replacement therapy because they contain small amounts of nicotine. Others are prescription medications without nicotine. Either type of quit-smoking product can help reduce nicotine cravings and withdrawal symptoms, making it more likely that you'll stop smoking for good.
Although you can buy some quit-smoking products without a prescription, it's best to consult your doctor before you try them. There's not a single best quit-smoking product for everyone. Together with your doctor, you can explore which quit-smoking products or combinations of products may be right for you, when to start taking them, and possible risks and side effects.
CLICK TO ENLARGE
The nicotine patch is a small, self-adhesive patch that releases a slow, steady amount of nicotine into your body through your skin. You apply a new nicotine patch every day on a hairless area of skin between your waist and neck, such as your upper arm or chest.
The nicotine patch is available without a prescription in various doses. The patch is easy to use. The nicotine patch is long acting, controlling nicotine cravings and withdrawal symptoms for 24 hours at a time. You can gradually taper off the nicotine patch as your cravings and withdrawal symptoms decrease.
You can't quickly adjust the amount of nicotine if you have sudden cravings or withdrawal symptoms. However, you may be able to use a second quit-smoking product along with the patch when a craving arises. The patch may cause skin itching, rash and irritation where it's applied. Patches also may cause sleep disturbances and vivid dreams. Removing the patch at night may help. Patches must be replaced every 24 hours. To minimize potential skin irritation, avoid putting the patch in the same place more than once every two weeks or so.
If you have certain skin conditions, such as eczema or psoriasis, you may more easily develop skin irritation if you use the patch.
It's typical to use the nicotine patch for eight to 12 weeks. You may need to use it longer if cravings or withdrawal symptoms continue.
CLICK TO ENLARGE
Nicotine gum contains a small amount of nicotine. The nicotine enters your body as it's absorbed through the lining of your mouth when you use the gum according to directions.
Nicotine gum is available without a prescription in two doses. It's short acting, which means it can control sudden nicotine cravings and withdrawal symptoms for short periods of time. When you first start using nicotine gum, you can use a piece every one to two hours, up to 24 pieces a day. Nicotine gum comes in several flavors. It's often used in combination with the nicotine patch and other quit-smoking products.
You must use nicotine gum repeatedly throughout the day to control cravings or withdrawal symptoms. Nicotine gum may only take the edge off cravings, not make them go away completely. You must follow a specific biting technique for nicotine gum to work effectively. Don't chew it like chewing gum. To release nicotine from the gum, bite a piece until it has a peppery taste or you notice a tingly sensation in your mouth. Then, to let the nicotine absorb, hold the gum between your gumline and cheek until the taste or tingly sensation stops. To release more nicotine, bite and hold again. Repeat the cycle for about 30 minutes, and then discard the gum because all the nicotine in it has been used. Side effects include jaw soreness from too much biting, as well as mouth irritation, nausea, stomach upset and excess saliva.
Nicotine gum may stick to dentures or other dental work. Avoid eating or drinking anything but water for 15 minutes before use or during use to prevent problems with nicotine absorption.
Nicotine gum is recommended for up to 12 weeks. You can start by using a piece every hour or two, and then gradually reduce the frequency as cravings and withdrawal symptoms decrease.
CLICK TO ENLARGE
Nicotine lozenges are tablets that contain a small amount of nicotine. The nicotine enters your bloodstream as it's absorbed through the lining of your mouth. You place a lozenge between your gumline and cheek and suck it slowly, allowing it to dissolve.
Nicotine lozenges are available without a prescription in different doses and flavors. Lozenges are short acting, which means they can control sudden nicotine cravings and withdrawal symptoms for short periods of time. You can use up to 20 lozenges a day. Nicotine lozenges are often used in combination with the nicotine patch and other quit-smoking products.
You must use nicotine lozenges repeatedly throughout the day to control cravings or withdrawal symptoms. Nicotine lozenges may sometimes cause nausea, indigestion, heartburn, throat irritation or hiccups.
Nicotine lozenges may stick to dentures or other dental work. They're not meant to be chewed or swallowed whole. Avoid eating or drinking anything but water for 15 minutes before use or during use to prevent problems with nicotine absorption.
Nicotine lozenges are recommended for about 12 weeks. Reduce how many times a day you use the lozenges as your cravings and withdrawal symptoms decrease.
CLICK TO ENLARGE
The nicotine inhaler is a device that gives you a small dose of nicotine. When you puff on the nicotine inhaler, nicotine vapor is released from a cartridge inside the device. The nicotine enters your bloodstream as it's absorbed through the lining of your mouth and throat. Hold the vapor in your mouth for a few seconds and then blow it out — don't inhale it into your lungs.
The nicotine inhaler is short acting, which means it can control sudden nicotine cravings and withdrawal symptoms for short periods of time. You control the dose of nicotine you receive. You can take as few puffs as needed to satisfy withdrawal symptoms or cravings and save the rest of the cartridge for later. The inhaler also keeps your hands busy, which can help with cigarette cravings. The nicotine inhaler is sometimes used in combination with the nicotine patch and other quit-smoking products.
The inhaler is available only by prescription. You must use the nicotine inhaler repeatedly throughout the day to control cravings or withdrawal symptoms. The nicotine inhaler may cause coughing and mouth or throat irritation.
Check with your doctor before using the nicotine inhaler if you have any lung disease, such as asthma. Avoid eating or drinking anything but water for 15 minutes before use or during use to prevent nicotine absorption problems.
Recommended use is six to 16 cartridges a day for six to 12 weeks, gradually tapering to none over the next six to 12 weeks.
(1 of 2)
- Treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 update. Rockville, Md.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.guideline.gov/summary/summary.aspx?doc_id=12520&nbr=6444&ss=6&xl=999. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Stead LF, et al. Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation (review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2009:CD000146. http://www2.cochrane.org/reviews. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Nicotine patch fact sheet. Smokefree.gov. http://www.smokefree.gov/mg-nicotine_patch.aspx. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Rennard SI, et al. Management of smoking cessation in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Public health alert: Important information on Chantix (varenicline). U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PostmarketDrugSafetyInformationforPatientsandProviders/DrugSafetyInformationforHeathcareProfessionals/PublicHealthAdvisories/ucm051136.htm. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Ossip DJ, et al. Adverse effects with use nicotine replacement therapy among quitline clients. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2009;11:408.
- Nicotine gum fact sheet. Smokefree.gov. http://www.smokefree.gov/mg-nicotine_gum.aspx. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Nicotine lozenges fact sheet. Smokefree.gov. http://www.smokefree.gov/mg-nicotine_lozenges.aspx. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Nicotine inhaler fact sheet. Smokefree.gov. http://www.smokefree.gov/mg-nicotine_inhaler.aspx. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Nicotine nasal spray fact sheet. Smokefree.gov. http://www.smokefree.gov/mg-nicotine_spray.aspx. Dec. 9, 2010.
- Varenicline fact sheet. Smokefree.gov. http://www.smokefree.gov/mg-varenicline.aspx. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Bupropion fact sheet. Smokefree.gov. http://www.smokefree.gov/mg-bupropion.aspx. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. Medications to help you stop using tobacco. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2008.
- Dale LC (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 12, 2011.
- FDA: Boxed warning on serious mental health events to be required for Chantix and Zyban. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm170100.htm. Accessed Dec. 9, 2010.
- Hurt R, et al. Treating tobacco dependence in a medical setting. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2009;5:314.