Risk factorsBy Mayo Clinic staff
Factors that may increase the risk of rheumatic fever include:
- Family history. Some people may carry a gene or genes that make them more likely to develop rheumatic fever.
- Type of strep bacteria. Certain strains of strep bacteria are more likely to contribute to rheumatic fever than are other strains.
- Environmental factors. A greater risk of rheumatic fever is associated with overcrowding, poor sanitation, and other conditions that may easily result in the rapid transmission or multiple exposures to strep bacteria.
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- Gibofsky A, et al. Epidemiology and pathogenesis of acute rheumatic fever. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Oct. 28, 2010.
- Gibofsky A, et al. Treatment and prevention of rheumatic fever. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Oct. 28, 2010.
- Report for the second meeting of World Health Organization's subcommittee of the Expert Committee of the Selection and Use of Essential Medicines: Antibiotic use for the prevention and treatment of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in children. Geneva, Switzerland: Royal Hobart Hospital and University of Tasmania. http://www.who.int/selection_medicines/committees/subcommittee/2/RheumaticFever_review.pdf. Accessed Oct. 28, 2010. Hoecker JL (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 3, 2010.