- Fertility preservation: Understand your options before cancer treatment
- Female fertility: Why lifestyle choices count
- Healthy sperm: Improving your fertility
- see all in Fertility
Parental health (7)
- Pregnancy after miscarriage: What you need to know
- Preconception planning: Is your body ready for pregnancy?
- Preparing for pregnancy: When you have diabetes
- see all in Parental health
Pregnancy symptoms (4)
- Symptoms of pregnancy: What happens right away
- Home pregnancy tests: Can you trust the results?
- Pregnancy due date calculator
- see all in Pregnancy symptoms
Symptoms of pregnancy: What happens right away
Other symptoms of pregnancy
Sometimes symptoms of pregnancy are less familiar or obvious. If you're pregnant, you might experience:
- Slight bleeding. Sometimes a small amount of spotting or vaginal bleeding is one of the first signs of pregnancy. Known as implantation bleeding, it happens when the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus — about 10 to 14 days after conception. Implantation bleeding generally lasts for a short time and occurs around the time of a menstrual period. However, implantation bleeding is usually much lighter than menstrual bleeding.
- Cramping. Some women experience mild uterine cramping early in pregnancy.
- Mood swings. The flood of hormones in your body in early pregnancy can make you unusually emotional and weepy. Mood swings also are common.
- Dizziness. Pregnancy causes your blood vessels to dilate and your blood pressure to drop. As a result, you might find yourself feeling lightheaded or dizzy.
- Constipation. Hormonal changes cause your digestive system to slow down, which can lead to constipation.
In addition, your basal body temperature — your temperature when you first wake up in the morning — might provide an early clue about pregnancy. Basal body temperature increases slightly soon after ovulation and remains at that level until your next period. If you've been charting your basal body temperature to determine when you ovulate, its continued elevation for more than two weeks could mean that you're pregnant.
Are you really pregnant?
Unfortunately, these signs and symptoms aren't unique to pregnancy. Some can indicate that you're getting sick or that your period is about to start. Likewise, you can be pregnant without experiencing any of these signs and symptoms.
Still, if you miss a period or notice any of the tip-offs on these lists, you might want to take a home pregnancy test — especially if you're not keeping track of your menstrual cycle or if it varies widely from one month to the next. If your home pregnancy test is positive, make an appointment with your health care provider. The sooner your pregnancy is confirmed, the sooner you can begin prenatal care.Previous page
(2 of 2)
- Bastian LA, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of early pregnancy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 19, 2013.
- Lockwood CJ, et al. Initial prenatal assessment and patient education. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 19, 2013.
- Norwitz ER, et al. Overview of the etiology and evaluation of vaginal bleeding in pregnant women. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 19, 2013.
- Hatcher RA, et al. Contraceptive Technology. 20th ed. New York, N.Y.: Ardent Media; 2011:417.
- Frequently asked questions. Pregnancy FAQ126. Morning sickness. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq126.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130318T1105352029. Accessed March 18, 2013.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Your Pregnancy and Childbirth Month to Month. 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 2010:17.
- Moore KL, et al. Before We Are Born: Essentials of Embryology and Birth Defects. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2013:326.
- You and your baby: Prenatal Care, Labor and Delivery, and Postpartum Care. Washington, D.C.: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 2011:1.
- Hill CC, et al. Physiologic changes in pregnancy. Surgical Clinics of North America. 2008;88:391.