CausesBy Mayo Clinic staff
Testicle pain has a number of possible causes. The testicles are very sensitive, and even a minor injury can cause testicle pain or discomfort. Testicle pain may start in the testicle itself or in the coiled tube at the back of the testicle (epididymis). Sometimes, what seems to be testicle pain is caused by a problem that starts in the groin, abdomen or somewhere else — for example, kidney stones and some hernias may cause testicle pain. The cause of testicle pain can't always be identified.
Causes of testicle pain or pain in the testicle area can include:
- Diabetic neuropathy
- Henoch-Schonlein purpura
- Idiopathic testicular pain (unknown cause)
- Inguinal hernia
- Kidney stones
- Retractile testicle
- Scrotal masses
- Testicle injury or blow to the testicles
- Testicular torsion
- Testicular cancer
- Undescended testicle (cryptorchidism)
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Vasectomy: An effective form of male birth control
Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.
- Wampler SM, et al. Common scrotal and testicular problems. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice. 2010;37:613.
- Eyre RC. Evaluation of the acute scrotum in adult men. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Dec. 13, 2010.
- Keoghane SR, et al. Investigating and managing chronic scrotal pain. BMJ. 2010;341:c6716.
- Brenner JS, et al. Causes of scrotal pain in children and adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Dec. 13, 2010.