ResultsBy Mayo Clinic staff
Make an appointment with your doctor if you find a lump or other change during a testicular self-exam. Depending on the circumstances, your doctor may do a testicular exam followed by a blood test, ultrasound or biopsy.
Most changes in your testicles aren't caused by testicular cancer. A number of noncancerous conditions can cause changes in your testicles, such as a cyst, injury, infection, hernia and collection of fluid around the testicles (hydrocele).
- Testicular cancer screening (PDQ). National Cancer Institute. http://cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/testicular/HealthProfessional. Accessed Nov. 2, 2011.
- Smith RA, et al. Cancer screening in the United States, 2011: A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and issues in cancer screening. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2011;61:8.
- Screening for testicular cancer. Rockville, Md.: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspstest.htm. Accessed Nov. 2, 2011.
- Do I have testicular cancer? American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/TesticularCancer/MoreInformation/DoIHaveTesticularCancer/index. Accessed Nov. 2, 2011.