RisksBy Mayo Clinic staff
Tubal ligation is an abdominal operation. Risks associated with tubal ligation include:
- Damage to the bowel, bladder or major blood vessels
- Adverse reaction to anesthesia
- Wound doesn't heal properly or becomes infected
- Prolonged pelvic or abdominal pain
You may be at higher risk of complications from a tubal ligation if:
- You've had previous pelvic or abdominal surgery
- You have a history of pelvic inflammatory disease, obesity or diabetes
A tubal ligation won't protect you from sexually transmitted infections.
In the first year after a tubal ligation, an estimated 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant. The younger you are at the time of a tubal ligation, the more likely the sterilization is to fail. If you do conceive after having a tubal ligation, there's a higher chance that the pregnancy will be ectopic — when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube.
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