ComplicationsBy Mayo Clinic staff
The main complication of viral gastroenteritis is dehydration — a severe loss of water and essential salts and minerals. If you're healthy and drink enough to replace fluids you lose from vomiting and diarrhea, dehydration shouldn't be a problem.
Infants, older adults and people with suppressed immune systems may become severely dehydrated when they lose more fluids than they can replace. If that's the case, hospitalization might be needed so that lost fluids can be replaced intravenously. Dehydration can be fatal, but rarely.
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