Diet and nutrition

After your lung transplant, you may need to adjust your diet to stay healthy. Maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise can help you avoid complications such as high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes.

Your Mayo Clinic transplant team includes a nutrition specialist (dietitian) who can discuss your nutrition and diet needs and answer any questions you may have after your transplant.

Your Mayo Clinic dietitian will provide you with several healthy food options and ideas to use in your eating plan. Your dietitian's recommendations may include:

  • Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables each day
  • Eating whole-grain breads, cereals and other products
  • Drinking low-fat or fat-free milk or eating other low-fat or fat-free dairy products, to help maintain enough calcium in your body
  • Eating lean meats, such as fish or poultry
  • Maintaining a low-salt diet
  • Avoiding unhealthy fats, such as saturated fats or trans fats
  • Avoiding grapefruit and grapefruit juice due to their effects on a group of immunosuppressive medications (calcineurin inhibitors)
  • Avoiding excessive alcohol
  • Staying hydrated by drinking adequate water and other fluids each day
  • Following food safety guidelines to reduce the risk of infection
Oct. 13, 2016
References
  1. What is a lung transplant? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/lungtxp. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  2. Mason RJ, et al. Lung transplantation. In: Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2010. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Lung transplantation. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  4. Goldman L, et al., eds. Interventional and surgical approaches to lung disease. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 7, 2016.
  5. Vincent JL, et al. Lung transplantation. In: Textbook of Critical Care. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  6. Hachem RR. Lung transplantation: An overview. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  7. Hachem RR. Lung transplantation: General guidelines for recipient selection. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  8. Partnering with your transplant team: The patient's guide to transplantation. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/learn/patient-education/. Accessed May 11, 2016.
  9. Valapour M, et al. OPTN/SRTR annual data report 2014: Lung. American Journal of Transplantation. 2016;16:141.
  10. Bhorade S, et al. Induction immunosuppression following lung transplantation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  11. Bhorade S, et al. Maintenance immunosuppression following lung transplantation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  12. What every patient needs to know. United Network for Organ Sharing. http://www.transplantliving.org/community/patient-resources/publications/. Accessed May 18, 2016.
  13. Diet and exercise. United Network for Organ Sharing: Transplant living. http://www.transplantliving.org/after-the-transplant/staying-healthy/diet-and-exercise/. Accessed May 13, 2016.
  14. Palmer SM, et al. Bacterial infections following lung transplantation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 13, 2016.
  15. What is pulmonary rehabilitation? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pulreh. Accessed July 13, 2016.
  16. Cypel M, et al. Lung transplantation: Procedure and postoperative management. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  17. What is bronchoscopy? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/bron. Accessed July 19, 2016.
  18. Erasmus DB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Aug. 15, 2016.

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