Some tips that may help you to prevent or minimize your risk of head injury include:
Wearing protective gear during sports and other recreational activities. Make sure the equipment fits properly, is well-maintained and worn correctly. Follow the rules of the game and practice good sportsmanship.
When bicycling, motorcycling, snowboarding or engaging in any recreational activity that may result in head injury, wear protective headgear.
- Buckling your seat belt. Wearing a seat belt may prevent serious injury, including head injury, during a traffic accident.
- Making your home safe. Keep your home well-lit and your floors free of anything that might cause you to trip and fall. Falls around the home are a leading cause of head injury.
- Protecting your children. To help lessen the risk of head injuries to your children, block off stairways and install window guards.
- Exercising regularly. Exercise regularly to strengthen your leg muscles and improve your balance.
- Educating others about concussions. Educating coaches, athletes, parents and others about concussions can help spread awareness. Coaches and parents can also help encourage good sportsmanship.
Feb. 10, 2017
- Evans RW. Concussion and mild traumatic brain injury. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
- Sprouse RA, et al. Sport-related concussion: How best to help young athletes. The Journal of Family Practice. 2016;65:538.
- Concussion: What can I do to feel better after a concussion? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/recovery.html. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
- Signs and symptoms. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/symptoms.html. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
- What is a concussion? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/headsup/basics/concussion_whatis.html. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
- Head injury. American Academy of Pediatrics. http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/injuries-emergencies/Pages/Head-Injury.aspx. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
- Schutzman S. Minor head trauma in infants and children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
- Giza CC, et al. Summary of evidence-based guideline update: Evaluation and management of concussion in sports: Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 2013;80:2250.
- McCrory P, et al. Consensus statement on concussion in sport: The 4th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012. Journal of Athletic Training. 2013;48:554.
- Leibson CL, et al. Incidence of traumatic brain injury across the full disease spectrum: A population-based medical record review study. Epidemiology. 2011;22:836.
- Olympia RB, et al. Return to learning after a concussion and compliance with recommendations for cognitive rest. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. 2015;26:115.
- Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/misc/diagnostic_tests.htm. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
- Brown AW (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 21, 2016.
- Heads up: Facts for physicians about mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/HeadsUp/physicians_tool_kit.html. Accessed Oct. 13, 2016.
- Prideaux CC (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 1, 2016.
- Riggin, E. EPSi. Nov. 10, 2016