Overview

A hemangioma (he-man-jee-O-muh) is a birthmark that most commonly appears as a rubbery, bright red nodule of extra blood vessels in the skin.

A hemangioma grows during the first year of life, and then recedes over time. A child who had a hemangioma during infancy usually has little visible trace of the growth by age 10.

A hemangioma can occur anywhere on the body, but most commonly appears on the face, scalp, chest or back. Treatment of a hemangioma usually isn't needed, unless the nodule interferes with vision or breathing.

April 30, 2016
References
  1. Kliegman RM, et al. Benign vascular tumors. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 24, 2016.
  2. Kliegman RM, et al. Vascular disorders. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 24, 2016.
  3. Hay WW, et al. Hemangioma. In: Current Diagnosis & Treatment: Pediatrics. 22nd ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2014. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed Feb. 24, 2016.
  4. Usatine RP, et al. Childhood hemangiomas and vascular malformations. In: The Color Atlas of Family Medicine. 2nd ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2013. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed Feb. 24, 2016.
  5. Metry DW. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features and complications of infantile hemangiomas. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 24, 2016.
  6. Metry DW. Management of infantile hemangiomas. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 24, 2016.
  7. Leaute-Labreze C, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of oral propranolol in infantile hemangioma. New England Journal of Medicine. 2015;372:735.
  8. Randel A. American Academy of Pediatrics releases report on infantile hemangiomas. Pediatrics. 2015;136:786.