Overview

Schizoaffective disorder is a mental disorder in which a person experiences a combination of schizophrenia symptoms, such as hallucinations or delusions, and mood disorder symptoms, such as depression or mania. The two types of schizoaffective disorder — both of which include some symptoms of schizophrenia — are:

  • Bipolar type, which includes episodes of mania and sometimes major depression
  • Depressive type, which includes only major depressive episodes

Schizoaffective disorder may run a unique course in each affected person, so it's not as well-understood or well-defined as other mental health conditions.

Untreated schizoaffective disorder may lead to problems functioning at work, at school and in social situations, causing loneliness and trouble holding down a job or attending school. People with schizoaffective disorder may need assistance and support with daily functioning. Treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

Oct. 26, 2016
References
  1. Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders. In: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-5. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. http://www.psychiatryonline.org. Accessed Aug. 6, 2016.
  2. Schizoaffective disorder. National Alliance on Mental Illness. http://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Schizoaffective-Disorder. Accessed Aug. 6, 2016.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Schizoaffective disorder. Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  4. Lindenmayer JP, et al. Antipsychotic management of schizoaffective disorder: A review. Drugs. 2016;76:589.
  5. Schak KM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 9, 2016.