Overview

The term "shin splints" refers to pain along the shin bone (tibia) — the large bone in the front of your lower leg. Shin splints are common in runners, dancers and military recruits.

Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints often occur in athletes who have recently intensified or changed their training routines. The increased activity overworks the muscles, tendons and bone tissue.

Most cases of shin splints can be treated with rest, ice and other self-care measures. Wearing proper footwear and modifying your exercise routine can help prevent shin splints from recurring.

July 21, 2016
References
  1. Shin splints. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00407. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  2. Shin splints. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries-poisoning/sports-injury/shin-splints. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  3. Callahan LR. Overview of running injuries of the lower extremity. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  4. Safran MR, et al. Medial tibial stress syndrome (shin splints). In: Instructions for Sports Medicine Patients. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  5. Laskowski ER (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 1, 2016.