Overview

A bone marrow transplant is a procedure that infuses healthy blood stem cells into your body to replace your damaged or diseased bone marrow. A bone marrow transplant is also called a stem cell transplant.

A bone marrow transplant may be necessary if your bone marrow stops working and doesn't produce enough healthy blood cells.

Bone marrow transplants may use cells from your own body (autologous transplant) or from a donor (allogeneic transplant).

Mayo Clinic's approach

Oct. 13, 2016
References
  1. AskMayoExpert. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  2. Hoffman R, et al. Overview of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In: Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 8, 2016.
  3. Blood-forming stem cell transplants. National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/types/stem-cell-transplant/stem-cell-fact-sheet. Accessed July 8, 2016.
  4. Majhail NS, et al. Recommended screening and preventive practices for long-term survivors after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. 2012;18:348.
  5. Diseases treatable by transplants. National Marrow Donor Program. https://bethematch.org/transplant-basics/how-transplants-work/diseases-treatable-by-transplants/. Accessed July 8, 2016.
  6. AskMayoExpert. Graft-versus-host disease. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
  7. Blood and marrow stem cell transplantation. Leukemia & Lymphoma Society. http://www.lls.org/resource-center/download-or-order-free-publications. Accessed July 8, 2016.
  8. Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. Autologous stem cell transplant. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
  9. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 20, 2016.