Why it's done

A prostate biopsy is used to detect prostate cancer.

Your doctor may recommend a prostate biopsy if:

  • A PSA test shows levels higher than normal for your age
  • Your doctor finds lumps or other abnormalities during a digital rectal exam
  • You've had a previous biopsy that was normal, but you still have elevated PSA levels
  • A previous biopsy revealed prostate tissue cells that were abnormal but not cancerous
April 13, 2016
References
  1. Wein AJ, et al., eds. Prostate biopsy: Techniques and imaging. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
  2. Benway BM, et al. Prostate biopsy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Prostate biopsy. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  4. Bjurlin MA, et al. Optimization of prostate biopsy: Review of technique and complications. Urologic Clinics of North America. 2014;41:299.
  5. How is prostate cancer diagnosed? American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ProstateCancer/DetailedGuide/prostate-cancer-diagnosis. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
  6. Ferri FF. Prostate cancer. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2016. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 6, 2016.
  7. Yang XJ. Interpretation of prostate biopsy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.